Wiring Power Factor Capacitors to Reversing and Two-Speed Motor Starters
Toll Free  :  800.245.0583
Fax  :  586.979.9484
 

HomeAboutProductsServicesResourcesNewsContact Us


Resources > Engineering Resources > Technical Bulletins - Capacitalks

CAPACITALK No. 104

WIRING POWER FACTOR CAPACITORS TO REVERSING AND TWO-SPEED MOTOR STARTERS

When you consider these types of starters, one important factor stands out: There is some type of switching going on with the motor windings. Anytime you have a switching event going on with the motor, you must ask yourself, "Will these have an effect on the capacitor? Will I be switching the capacitor on and off, not giving the capacitor time to discharge?" With this type of action, it may not take long for the capacitor to either blow a fuse or fail.

Let's look at how to connect your capacitors to these types of motor circuits properly to keep both your capacitors and starters in good working order. Note: Before applying capacitors to a soft start, refer to the starter manufacturer for recommended installation.

REVERSING MOTORS

On reversing motors, it is important to stay on the line side of the starter. You do not want to turn the capacitor on and off when the motor is switched from forward to reverse or from reverse to forward. In this way, you can protect the capacitor from the effects of the phases being reversed and also from the contact switching of the starter.

Capacitor connected without dedicated contactor



Capacitor connected with dedicated contactor:





TWO-SPEED MOTORS

Two-speed motors can cause your capacitors the same problem as with reversing motors. The starter goes from fast to slow or from slow to fast. There are two things that must be considered with two-speed motors.

The first issue is, "How do I size my capacitor for this application?" It is best to size the capacitor for the speed that the motor will be on for the most amount of time.

The second issue is, "How do I connect the capacitor to my starter the safest way?" To do this, apply the capacitor to the line side of the starter. If you must have a capacitor for each speed, and you want to connect them to the starter between the starter contacts and the overloads, make sure you use a contactor on each capacitor. This way you isolate the capacitors from the motor. When you energize the speed you want, then you energize that speed's capacitor. But care must be given to avoid going from fast to slow or from slow to fast too abruptly. Doing so will not allow the capacitor time to discharge, causing failure or a blown fuse. Remember to always allow one minute before re-energizing a capacitor.

Capacitor connected without dedicated contactor:



Capacitor connected with dedicated contactor:





In both applications, when you connect the capacitor to the line side of the motor starter, you may want to add a contactor in series with the capacitor and turn it on and off with your motor circuit.

MYRON ZUCKER INC. products are designed to:

  • Improve power factor
  • Eliminate utility penalties or surcharges
  • Increase available distribution capacity
  • Mitigate harmonic distortion
  • Protect sensitive equipment
  • Decrease downtime
  • Reduce line losses and associated cost
  • Comply with industry standards

CONTACT US

Myron Zucker, Inc.
36825 Metro Court
Sterling Heights, MI 48312
Toll Free: 800.245.0583
Phone: 586.979.9955
Fax: 586.979.9484
Email: info@myronzucker.com