Line Reactor Manual | What Is A Line Reactor?
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Line Reactor Manual

WHAT IS A LINE REACTOR?

A 3-phase Line Reactor is a set of three (3) coils (also known as windings, chokes or inductors) in one assembly. It is a series device, which means it is connected in the supply line such that all line current flows through the reactor, as shown below.


Line Reactors are current-limiting devices and oppose rapid changes in current because of their impedance. They hold down any spikes of current and limit any peak currents. This resistance to change is measured in ohms as the Line Reactor's AC impedance (XL) and is calculated as follows:

XL = 2 π f L (ohms), where:

f = frequency

harmonic frequency examples:

Harmonic (60 Hz)
Frequency (Hz)
5th
300
7th
420
11th
660

L = reactor inductancein henries (H), millihenries (mH) -- H x 10-3, microhenries (µH) -- H x 10-6

By inspection of the XL formula, the Line Reactor is directly proportional to the frequency (f) and the inductance (L). That is, if the impedance of a Line Reactor is 10 ohms at 60 Hz, then at the 5th harmonic (300 Hz) the impedance is 50 ohms. If the inductance (L) is increased, then the impedance will increase proportionally.

This increase in Line Reactor impedance will reduce the current in the line. The higher the frequency (Hertz), the lower the current. A Line Reactor's DC resistance (R-ohms) is very low by design so that the power losses (watts-I2R) are low.

Line Reactors are rated by % impedance, voltage and current. However, they are sized by % impedance, voltage and motor horsepower. The motor horsepower determines the necessary current rating for the Line Reactor.

Line Reactors are rated by impedance, voltage and current.

  1. Impedance (% impedance of load Z)
    The load impedance (Z) is calculated by this formula:

    Z = V/I, whereZ = load impedance(ohms), V = line voltage(volts), andI = line current(amps)

    This percent of load impedance also determines the voltage drop across the Line Reactor. For example, a 5% Line Reactor would have a 5% voltage drop.
  2. Voltage rating

    Since a Line Reactor is a current-sensitive device, the voltage rating is needed for dielectric concerns as a maximum voltage and horsepower. It is also used to determine the current rating when given only voltage and horsepower.
  3. Current rating (amperes)

    This is the current required by the load(s). It is total current flowing to the load(s) and through the reactor. This current is measured in amperes (amps).

MYRON ZUCKER INC. Products are designed to:

  • Improve power factor
  • Eliminate utility penalties or surcharges
  • Increase available distribution capacity
  • Mitigate harmonic distortion
  • Protect sensitive equipment
  • Decrease downtime
  • Reduce line losses and associated cost
  • Help your company comply with industry standards

CONTACT US

Myron Zucker, Inc.
36825 Metro Court
Sterling Heights, MI 48312
Toll Free: 800.245.0583
Phone: 586.979.9955
Fax: 586.979.9484
Email: info@myronzucker.com